Cardiobacterium hominis is a slow-growing, fastidious, capnophilic, Gram- negative bacillus represented by the “C” in HACEK, an acronym for. Cardiobacterium hominis is a member of the HACEK group (Haemophilus paraphrophilus, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Aggregatibacter. Cardiobacterium hominis, a microaerophilic, pleomorphic gram-negative bacillus , is one of the AACEK organisms. C. hominis is a component of the normal flora.

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Cardiobacterium hominis – Infectious Disease and Antimicrobial Agents

Subacute infectious endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis. When grown in media containing yeast extract, these characteristic features may be lost and the cells appear as regular, regularly staining, Gram-negative bacilli Ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery that was due to Cardiobacterium endocarditis.

They are frequently bulbous at one or both ends and arranged in short chains or rosettes. There are 61 reported cases of C. The patient was febrile, with a temperature of Mycotic aneurysm formation cerebral, femoral and visceral has also been described 1151644 The current recommendation for first-line treatment of C hominis endocarditis is a third-generation cephalosporin such as intravenous ceftriaxone 2 g cagdiobacterium for four weeks six weeks in the case of prosthetic valve infection J Cardiovasc Surg ; Nonsurgical management of mitral valve endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium valvarum in a homiins with a ventricular septal defect.


As in the prevention of any endocarditis due to normal oral flora, prevention entails good dental hygiene. Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis in a patient with a hypersensitivity reaction to penicillin. Diagnosis of Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis by broad-range PCR from arterio-embolic tissue.

This case demonstrates the usefulness of both the Steiner stain and broad-range direct molecular amplification as supplemental diagnostic tools in identification of otherwise unexplained infections.

His temperature was Endocarditis caused by a Pasteurella -like organism; report of four cases. Get free access to newly published articles Create a personal account or sign in to: Embolomycotic aneurysm associated with bacterial endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis. Am J Med ; Almost all isolates have been susceptible to penicillins, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, chloram-phenicol, and aminoglycosides.

It is one of several bacteria that is normally present in crdiobacterium mouth and upper part of the respiratory tract such as nose and throat. Pacemaker lead infection and vertebral osteomyelitis presumed due to Cardiobacterium hominis [Letter]. Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis associated with very severe thrombocytopenia and platelet autoantibodies. The prognosis of C.

Haemophilus Endocarditis study group. The patient was transferred to the medical intensive care unit, where he was subsequently intubated for respiratory failure and treated with inotropes for cardiogenic shock. Infective endocarditis caused by slow-growing, fastidious, Gram-negative bacteria. Table 7 Cases of prosthetic valve endocarditis due to C.


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Table 6 Outcome of 60 cases of C. Please review our privacy policy. Peripheral and CNS emboli are common complications of C.

Oxford Handbook of Infectious Diseases and Microbiolology. Rare cases of C. Since different susceptibility testing methods were used, direct comparison of the susceptibilities of the two isolates is difficult. Information on symptoms and putative homijis factors was available for 58 patients and 61 patients, respectively Table 1. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles.

Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis with cerebral mycotic aneurysm. Antibacterial efficacy of ciprofloxacin in a case of endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis. Arq Bras Cardiol ; Putative risk factors assessed included quality of dentition, the occurrence of recent dental work, underlying valvular disease, recent endoscopy, or surgical procedures.

WESR Westergren erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

Infectious endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis. Two cases lacked sufficient clinical data for analysis [ 643 ]. C hominisa fastidious Gram-negative bacillus, is a member of the HACEK group of microorganisms Haemophilus species, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitansC hominisEikenella corrodens and Hojinis kingae.